Songhay Empire


We will be using this in class, with some reading at home.


Peer editing sheet for dialogues

Reformation Dialogue Peer Editing Sheet.

Author _________________________________________  period _____

Editor __________________________________________

Do both characters make a clear argument?

Do they respond (poke holes) to each other’s arguments?

Do both character’s arguments match what the real people thought?

Does the tone fit the characters?

Is a primary source used and identified?  Yes    No

Point out any sentences that are hard to understand or are awkwardly worded.

WH9 Per. 7 Islam and Trade Test


This will need some formatting, and as I pointed out in class some of the questions will need to be replaced.

Islamic Beliefs and 5 Pillars

You need to know the 5 pillars, but not the Arabic words for them. (ed. McLain)



  • What is the meaning of the shahada pillar of Islam?


  1. Declaration of faith
  2. Prayer to the one and only God
  3. Pilgrimage to Mecca
  4. What are the names of the pillars of faith?
  5. Prayer,almsgiving                      
  6. Almsgiving
  7. Fasting
  8.    When you pay your alms tax, who are you benefiting?
  9. The church
  10. Those in poverty
  11. Your children
  12.       What is the religious definition of Islam?
  13. Devotion to the god
  14. Submission to the will of God
  15. The teachings of Muhammad
  16.      Why are the five pillars of Islam important?
  17. To know your family name
  18. Controls their everyday lives
  19. The types of punishment
  20.      Where do Muslims face while offering prayers (Salaah)?
  21. Baitul Muqaddas (Al-Aqsa Mosque Palestine)
  22. Kaaba (Makkah)
  23.  Al-Fateh Mosque (Bahrain)

History of Islam


Q1: What were the the rightly guided caliphs?

  1. Abu-Bakr, Umar, Uthman, and Ali
  2. Muhammad, Abu-Bakr, Ali, and Umar
  3. Muawiya, Uthman, Umar, and Fatimid
  4. Abbasid, Muhammad, Ali, and Umar


Q1B: Why were they rightly guided?

  1. Because they were descended from Muhammad
  2. Because they knew Muhammad and were his close friends
  3. Because they were related to Muhammad
  4. Because the people chose them


Q2: By the end of the rule of the last rightly guided caliphs (by 750), how far did their empire stretch?

  1. All of Arabia
  2. All of Arabia and the Byzantine Empire
  3. From the Atlantic Ocean to the Indus River
  4. From France to Algeria


Q3: What was the difference between Sunni and Shi’a Muslims?

  1. They live in different parts of the world
  2. The Shi’a resisted the Umayyads rule and believed in hereditary leaders, the Sunni accepted the caliphate
  3. The Sunni muslims the Umayyads rule and believed in hereditary leaders, the Shi’a accepted the caliphate
  4. The Shi’a Muslims rejected luxury, the Sunni Muslims did not


Q4: Why did the Abbasid caliphate fail?

  1. They were too cruel to their people
  2. Many rebel groups and Muslim states sprang up without their control
  3. They had limited resources and became poor
  4. Their relationship and trade with Europe lead to many wars


Q5: Why did trade flourish in the Abbasid caliphate?

  1. The Abbasid caliphate had one form of currency
  2. There were many banks throughout the empire
  3. The cities in the empire were very rich, cultured, and interested in discovery
  4. All of above


Q: Why was the Umayyad rule so controversial?

  1. Because they had no male heirs.
  2. Because they were not Muslim.
  3. Because they did not live the simple lives of the other rulers.
  4. All of the above.


Geography of Islam


  1. Islam began in the __________ Peninsula


  1. What city do many muslims make a pilgrimage to?


  1. In which modern day country was Muhammad born?


  1. In which modern day country was the territory: Al-Andalus?


  1. Which of the following modern territories was never a part of the Islamic empire?
  • a. Egypt
  • b. Italy
  • c. Israel
  • d. Portugal




  1. Arabian
  2. Mecca
  3. Saudi Arabia
  4. Spain
  5. b. Italy

Trade-general ideas and observations about trade and (?)


Which of the following would make something a luxury good?

  1. Easy to transport and high value
  2. Difficult to transport and high value
  3. Easy to transport and lower in value
  4. Difficult to transport and lower in value

Answer: A


Where does the Silk Road go through?


  1. China
  2. Canada
  3. Europe and North Africa
  4. Asia, middle east, and North Africa

Answer: D


True or false: Trade is not mutually beneficial

Answer: False


What did they use to transport goods?

  1. Ships
  2. Wagons
  3. Walking
  4. All of the above

Answer: D


Why do people trade?

  1. They get wealthier
  2. To fill their needs
  3. To get rid of things they have plenty of
  4. All of the above

Answer: D


Trade is voluntary, mutually beneficial

Think about questions about the silk road

Amelie’s Question:

What time period did the silk road thrive?

  1. A) 19th century AD
  2. B) 16th century AD – 19th century AD
  3. C) Around second century BC to the end of the fourteenth century AD
  4. D) Last year


Aya’s question

Which disease was spread through the silk road?

  1. Smallpox
  2. Bubonic plague
  3. Malaria
  4. Measles


Johns Question

Why did traders travel in caravans?

Because traveling alone is a really dangerous way to travel because of bandits or other unsavories that will try to steal your stuff


Rachel’s Question

Where was the Silk Road?

  1. Through eastern Asia
  2. Through southern Africa
  3. It was a huge network of trade routes, not one road
  4. In Europe


Jean’s Question

Which of the following is not true with regard to the silk roads?


B.)because of the silk roads silk material became popular among wealthy Romans

C.)the silk roads also include sea lanes

D.)the silk roads linked much of eurasia and north africa


Salt and Gold



  • What was one main reason that Ghana could trade for many years?


  1. Ghana sat on a gold mine
  2. They had access to salt water
  3. They traded exotic spices


  1. What was the name of the ruler of the Mali Empire?


  1. What allowed Ghana to become part of the trans-Saharan trade network?
  1. Expansion into land between the upper Niger and Senegal rivers
  2. Easier and safer trade routes
  3. They had access to high value goods that were sparse in other countries
  1. What good was not mainly bartered in Ghana?
  1. Ivory
  2. Gold
  3. Horses and slaves
  4. Sugar
  5. Cloth
  1. What was Ancient Ghana originally called? (Multiple correct answers)


  1. Who did Ghana trade with that gained most of the kingdom’s wealth?
  1. Indonesians
  2. Arabs
  3. Nigerians


  1. What prompted Ghana’s capital city (Koumbi) to be invaded?
  1. Difference in beliefs
  2. Jealousy and fear of Ghana’s power
  3. Ghana was on valuable and profitable land


  1. Ghana was eventually absorbed into the _____ empire in 1240 A.D.
  1. Mali
  2. Benin
  3. Songhai


WH9 Islam and Trade Test, 3rd Period

This will need some formatting, and as I pointed out in class some of the questions will need to be replaced.


Group 1: Islamic beliefs, 5 pillars


Which of the following answers is not one of the islamic 5 pillars of faith?

  1.  Profession of faith : “ There is no God but God.”


  1.  Prayer. Muslims are to pray five times a day.              


  1.  Charity. Muslims are to give money or goods to the needy.


  1. Equality. Muslims are to treat everyone as equals.


  1.  Fasting. Muslims are to fast during a period called Ramadan.


  1.   Pilgrimage. Muslims hope do this at least once in there life. It is a journey to house of Allah in Mecca.    


  1.  Who do muslims pray/worship to?
  1. Muhammed     b. Allah      c. Caliphs    d. Abu Bakr


  1. What is the holy book for muslims?
  1. Vedas  b. New Testament   c. Quran  d. Torah


  1. Sunni muslims believe : that shi’a have a distorted the meaning of the various passages in the Quran. True or False.


Group 2: History of Islam


1) Mohammed lived in the ______ century.


2) Who were the rightly guided caliphs

  1. Abu Bakr, Muhammad, Ali
  2. Muhammad, Uthman, Aladdin
  3. Abu Bakr, Ali, Uthman, Umar
  4. Umar, Muhammad, Ali, Abu Bakr


3)  What was the difference between the rightly guided caliphs and later leaders?

  1. The rightly guided caliphs were “Gods”
  2. The rightly guided caliphs were all related to Muhammad
  3. The rightly guided caliphs were all brother’s
  4. The rightly guided caliphs spread the empire


4)  What changes did the Umayyads make during their rule?

  1. Caused a divide between the Sunni and Shi’a
  2. Overthrew the Abbasid dynasty
  3. Moved the capital from Mecca to Damascus
  4. Both a & c
  5. Both a & b


5) What was the original reason for why the Sunni and Shi’a split, and what did they each believe?


  1. Leadership – the Sunni believed that Muhammad wanted Abu Bakr to be the next successor. Whereas the Shi’a believed that Ali was chosen by Muhammad.


  1.      b)  Meaning of the Qur’an – the Sunni believed that the Qur’an was just a story with no significance whereas the Shi’a believed that the Qur’an should shape the way Muslims lived their lives.


  1.      c) If the rightly guided caliphs were rightly chosen – the Shi’a believed that the rightly guided caliphs were rightly chosen wheraes the Sunni believed that the rightly guided caliphs were not.


Group 3: Geography of Islam


  1. Where did Islam originate?
    1. Mecca
    2. Medina
    3. Islamabad
    4. Baghdad


  1. Where did the prophet go after he and his followers were kicked out of Mecca.


  1. Where is Mecca?
    1. Ukraine
    2. Saudi Arabia
    3. Israel
    4. Jordan
  1. What’s the most populous Muslim country?
    1. Saudi Arabia
    2. Iraq
    3. Indonesia
    4. Malaysia
  1. Where was Muhammad born?
    1. Istanbul
    2. Mecca
    3. Constantinople
    4. Baghdad


Q1.) What is the easiest thing to trade


  1. Ideas and thoughts


  1. Luxury goods


  1. Food


  1. Textiles


Q2.) What is the main difference between luxury goods and public goods?


  1. Public goods are in high demand and can not be shared whereas luxury goods are nonexcludable and shareable


  1. Public goods are nonexcludable and shareable whereas luxury goods are in high in demand and can not be shared


  1. Public goods tend to be small whereas luxury goods tend to be big


D.There is no difference between them


Q3.) What does it tell you about a trade route if they only trade luxury goods?


  1. The trade route is short
  2. The trade route is over water
  3. The trade route is long
  4. The trade route is international


Q4.) What is the most important thing that makes an item valuable on a trade route


A .The demand or need for the product


  1. Price of the product in other City/Countries


  1. How people decide to use the item


  1. Quality of the item


Q5.) What did they use to transport goods?


  1. In bags


  1. On boats


  1. In wagons


  1. All of the above


Q6.) What was Ghana’s main trade items


  1. Salt and Silver


  1. Gold and Salt


  1. Silver and Spices


  1. Gold and Spices

Period 3, G5, The Silk Road

1)Name 3 things that were traded on the silk road.


2)How did traders travel on the Silk Road?

A-Horses, Donkeys, Camels

B-Wagons, Chariot, Cows

C-Caravan, Camels, Ships

D-All of the above


3) Terminals of the silk road




Test Question: Eric, Hailey, Sashank, Michael, Charlotte


Question 1: What were Ghana’s two ”big” goods? Which good is from where?


  • Salt and Silk __________________
  • Gold and Tobacco __________________
  • Slaves and Salt __________________
  • Gold and Salt __________________



Question 2: How were goods traded in Ghana?


  • The Wangarans traded salt for gold with the Arabs.
  • The Wangarans traded gold for salt with the Arabs.
  • The Wangarans traded gold for slaves with the Arabs.
  • The Arabs traded slaves for gold with the Wangarans.



Question 3: How did the large amount of incoming traders help the city of Ghana?


  • They were robbed by the soldiers.
  • They were taxed based on the value of the goods they carried.
  • Their goods were robbed and sold on the black market.
  • They were captured and sold as slaves.



Question 4: What empire absorbed Ghana?


  • Rome Empire
  • Greek Empire
  • Mali Empire
  • Ottoman Empire
  • Islamic Empire



Question 5: If a person was accused for a crime what did they do to see if they did the crime.


  • Decapitation
  • Drank boiling water
  • Burned at the stake
  • Drank sour water mixed with wood
  • Being eaten alive



Question 6: When the person who was accused of a crime drank the nasty concoction how did they know the person was guilty?


  • They swallowed it.
  • They spit it out.
  • They gargled it.
  • They peed it .



Question 7: Why is salt as valuable as gold?


  • It preserves food.
  • It tastes better.
  • It was from far away.



Question 8: What is Ghana’s real name?


  • Wagadugu
  • Wandu
  • Ghana
  • Senegal



Question 9: What was the advantage of Ghana’s geographical location


  • It was a coastal city helping trade.
  • It was dangerous because it is surrounded by evil spirits.
  • It was a mediator between the Arabs and Wangarans.
  • It had deserts around it, so enemies would have difficulty getting to the city.



Question 10: Who came to Ghana and Why?


  • Tourists because Ghana was a great sightseeing place.
  • Pilgrims because it was a great Islamic city.
  • Traders because it was a trading destination.
  • Salty People because there was lots of salt .